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re protestors, I remember watching a protest parade re Global Warming and of course down with the oil industry. When the protest / parade broke up I watched a majority of the protestors heading out of the downtown in their private, gas powered vehicles (of course they left a lot of litter behind (plastic and otherwise) and I could not help but note, if the oil industry was gone, they would have little left to wear, make and letter their signs.  Also their various cell phones would not have been in existence.  

It all comes down to talk the talk but refusing to walk the walk (giving up all of the toys and products produced by the evil industries). 

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Come on now Jaydee, be nice.  The worst thing of all is to surround yourself with people who think exactly the same as you - you're guaranteed to never grow.  Are you completely right in everything yo

Hey Mitch; I have to ask; what is your reason for posting this?  Do black lives matter?  Of course they do but the phrase/slogan "Black Lives Matter! is a political statement intended to either;

Yep. Black lives matter. That phrase is used (by me and, as I understand it, by most others) because it's black people who are being discriminated against, systemically, in such a manner that their ve

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Protesters had shut down the interstate for 19 days in a row, Mead said at a news conference.

The Washington State Patrol said Saturday evening that going forward it won’t allow protesters to enter I-5 and would arrest pedestrians on the freeway.

https://www.thestar.com/news/world/us/2020/07/05/woman-dies-after-she-was-hit-by-car-on-highway-amid-protest.html

 

So, after someone gets killed, after 14 days of protestors shutting down the interstate the police say that , now, they won't let protestors on the interstate!

What kind of idiots are in charge here?  Any fool can see the potential for harm.  Maybe preventing the protestors from shutting down the interstate from the first day would have been the right decision?

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One thing is for sure, somebody's wrong. Is it these guys:

https://www.foxnews.com/media/nyc-guardian-angels-founder-police-neutered-inner-cities-war-zones

Or, is it these guys.... they can't both be right

https://www.foxnews.com/politics/squad-dems-tlaib-pressley-introduce-bill-bill-to-defund-police-give-reparations

Even the folks who started it all are getting nervous, they see where it's all headed. 

 https://www.foxnews.com/media/liberal-writers-activists-open-letter-call-to-end-cancel-culture

 

 

 

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And people who rail against the 1% are too hypocritical and self-absorbed to realize they are card carrying members of the .5% global elite.

If ever there was a privileged generation that exceeded anything that came before it in privilege, this here would be that there.

https://www.foxnews.com/science/more-people-could-die-covid-19-related-hunger-than-disease-itself

Front and centre on CBC news:

How risky is my manicure? Your COVID-19 questions answered

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Ben Shapiro: All Black lives lost should matter to Black Lives Matter movement

Why, in fact, do only some Black lives matter to these groups' supporters, rather than all?       

CNN's Don Lemon scolds Terry Crews, says Black Lives Matter is about police brutality, not Black-on-Black violence

CNN host Don Lemon explains to actor Terry Crews what Black Lives Matter is about.

This week, CNN's Don Lemon, who has spent the last few weeks bashing the supposed thoroughgoing systemic racism of the United States, hosted Black actor Terry Crews. He then proceeded to browbeat Crews, who had committed the great sin of tweeting, "#ALLBLACKLIVESMATTER 9 black CHILDREN killed by violence in Chicago since June 20, 2020." Lemon specifically objected to Crews' hashtag. After Lemon humbly informed Crews that he has skin "as tough as an armadillo," he then lectured: "The Black Lives Matter movement was started because it was talking about police brutality. ... But that's not what Black Lives Matter is about. It's not ... all-encompassing ... The Black Lives Matter movement is about police brutality and injustice in that matter, not about what's happening in Black neighborhoods."

 

This, of course, is largely false. The Black Lives Matter movement did indeed begin with protests about police brutality but quickly morphed into broader debates over the validity of looting and rioting, tearing down historic statues, slavery reparations and defunding the police. And Black Lives Matter, as Crews correctly pointed out, has never restricted its mandate to the question of police violence: It has announced that its focuses also include police brutality, transgender rights, gay rights, disrupting the nuclear family and freeing Palestine, among other diverse topics.

So why is Lemon so deeply invested in preventing conversations about Black lives? Why, in fact, do only some Black lives matter, rather than all?

BLACK LIVES MATTER PHILADELPHIA LEADER PROPOSES FIVE-YEAR PLAN TO ABOLISH POLICE

That's not merely a question asked by conservatives or contrarians. It's being asked all over the United States by Black Americans being left to the predations of criminals, in large part thanks to the woke virtue signaling of many Black Lives Matter leaders and media allies. In Washington, D.C., Mayor Muriel Bowser emblazoned the enormous yellow words "BLACK LIVES MATTER" on 16th Street. Protesters quickly added "DEFUND THE POLICE." One month later, 11-year-old Davon McNeal was shot in the head while heading to a family cookout on July 4. His grandfather, John Ayala, lamented: "We're protesting for months, for weeks, saying, 'Black Lives Matter. Black Lives Matter.' Black lives matter it seems like, only when a police officer shoots a Black person. What about all the Black-on-Black crime that's happening in the community?"

CLICK HERE TO GET THE OPINION NEWSLETTER

McNeal was just one of the latest victims of a wave of violence gripping America's major cities. Last weekend, at least 89 people were shot in Chicago, leaving at least 17 dead. Shootings in Philadelphia have spiked 67 percent. In the first week of June, Los Angeles saw a shocking 250 percent increase in murders from the prior week. New York City's shootings have skyrocketed 44 percent over last year's numbers; every person shot there the week of June 29 -- 101 -- was from a minority community. It turns out that the agenda of Black Lives Matter, which includes fighting against the prevalence of police -- a call taken up by Democratic mayors and city councils around the United States -- endangers Black lives far more than the presence of police.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

 

Yet these lives don't particularly matter for Black Lives Matter advocates, apparently. Black lives matter when we're talking about police brutality. But Don Lemon has no airtime each night for those who seek to talk about threats to Black lives that dwarf in severity problems related to policing -- and that are just as newsworthy. Indeed, the statistical case is unassailable that the daily murder of minority youths in America's major cities is far more newsworthy than the latest cable panel discussion of "white fragility" or the "power of whiteness."

But our current Black Lives Matter moment isn't about Davon McNeal, even if the wages of Black Lives Matter's recommended policies are death for those left unprotected by law enforcement. All that matters for too many in our elite institutions is the narrative that America's systems are the greatest obstacle to Black Americans. And not all lives lost are equally valuable in promoting that perverse narrative.

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Hot sure how this zero's in on BLM (seems to be just idiots around the world),  but here are some recent examples:

Acts of vandalism, including spray-painted swastikas on a car in Revere, Massachusetts, on June 11, are being investigated as ...
Police have received a report of damage caused to a number of Palestinian vehicles in Luban a-Sharqiya, in the Binyamin ...
Sharqiya to gather evidence after residents wake up to find 17 vehicles damaged, Hebrew graffiti daubed on one of them ...
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The Times of Israel4h

 

The Yellowknife RCMP are investigating a report of multiple vehicles allegedly spray painted in a downtown parking lot over ...
th?id=ON.A69BA42B53524C455125C054B03CA929&pid=News&w=234&h=132&c=14&rs=2&qlt=90&dpr=1.1
An officer tried to remove the stain of some hateful, racist graffiti spray painted on a car in Union City. John Ramos tells ...
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YAHOO!14d
Georgetown police are trying to find out who sprayed-painted graffiti on a patrol car on Tuesday night or early Wednesday morning. The patrol car was spray painted while it was parked in the driveway ...
image.jpeg.e8e515574ce85bb25483d45907f22628.jpeg
An investigation is underway after swastikas were spray-painted on a car in Revere. The owners of that car say they ...
th?id=AR_4c26e1b3301e4c5e5b465bd2640a2db8&pid=news&w=16&h=16&c=14&rs=2&qlt=90&dpr=1.1
WHDH19d
image.jpeg.ce6c03610f327cc5eb0ac8d77d2ca285.jpeg
At least four vehicles were vandalized in a Missoula neighborhood early Monday morning.  According to the Missoula Police ...
th?id=AR_cd913825e35d845e348899c931d14eee&pid=news&w=16&h=16&c=14&rs=2&qlt=90&dpr=1.1
KHQ3d
The OPP is asking that anyone who may have witnessed this act or has information relating to this incident or those responsible, to contact them at 519-728-1810. Anyone with information regarding this ...
image.jpeg.59a955ec7774ab0026761f92e9a69018.jpeg
Gerri Saville has always loved Volkswagen Beetles. She bought her first one in the 1970s. "I was young, I was single — it was ...
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Hmmmm   CHICAGO PASTOR REACTS TO WEEKEND VIOLENCE, DEATH OF 7-YEAR-OLD: 'WE HAVE TO TAKE BACK OUR CITIES'

 

According to the Chicago Police Department, there were 87 people shot and 17 killed from July 2 to July 5.

Chicago man charged with murder in beating death of 1-year-old boy

Michael Robinson and the victim, Antwun Gayden, are reportedly related

Chicago authorities have charged a 23-year-old man with murder in connection with the beating death of a toddler earlier this week on the city’s South Side.

 

Michael Robinson allegedly pummeled the 23-month-old boy just after noon on the 4200 block of South Calumet Avenue Tuesday, punching him multiple times in the face, police said.

Antwun Gayden, the victim, was pronounced dead at Comer Children’s Hospital a half hour after the incident.

 

Michael Robinson allegedly pummeled the 23-month-old boy just after noon on the 4200 block of South Calumet Avenue Tuesday, punching him multiple times in the face, police said. (Courtesy Chicago Police)

Michael Robinson allegedly pummeled the 23-month-old boy just after noon on the 4200 block of South Calumet Avenue Tuesday, punching him multiple times in the face, police said. (Courtesy Chicago Police)

Chicago police had previously described the attack as a domestic incident and said Robinson suffered from mental illness. He was taken into custody at the scene, but charges were not immediately announced.

Now, Robinson faces a count of first-degree murder. He’s due in court Friday.

CHICAGO TODDLER BEATEN TO DEATH, MAN IN CUSTODY, POLICE SAY

Robinson and Antwun are related, according to WGN 9.

The Chicago Sun-Times reported that the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services had had no prior contact with Antwun’s family but was opening an investigation.

 

Just a few blocks up South Calumet Avenue, authorities found a second child dead on Tuesday in an unrelated case, the outlet reported.

CHICAGO PASTOR REACTS TO WEEKEND VIOLENCE, DEATH OF 7-YEAR-OLD: 'WE HAVE TO TAKE BACK OUR CITIES'

That victim, Jessieonna Evans, fell asleep and did not wake up, according to the report. The results of the autopsy were pending.

Chicago has seen a surge in violence in recent weeks, including the deaths of multiple children, prompting Mayor Lori Lightfoot to appeal to city residents for peace.

“Thoughts and prayers are simply not enough at this point,” she said Monday in response to the death of a 7-year-old girl named Natalia Wallace, who was shot and killed while playing outside her grandmother’s house on Independence Day. “Sorrow itself is not enough. What it says is we need to do better as a city.”

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

There were at least 17 people killed by gunfire over the Fourth of July holiday weekend alone, including multiple children. Another 70 were wounded.

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Police search St. Louis mansion of couple who pointed guns at protesters, local reports say

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Chief prosecutor says 'intimidation or threat of deadly force will not be tolerated'

Thomson Reuters · Posted: Jul 11, 2020 12:57 PM ET | Last Updated: July 11
 
racial-injustice-missouri.jpg
Mark and Patricia McCloskey stand in front their house along Portland Place in St. Louis to confront Black Lives Matter protesters who passed through their gated community in Missouri on June 28. The protesters were on their way to the home of the city's mayor. (Laurie Skrivan/St. Louis Post-Dispatch via The Associated Press)

Police in St. Louis, Mo., searched the mansion of the couple who brandished guns at protesters marching outside their home last month in widely seen videos, local media reported.

The police arrived on Friday evening with a search warrant and seized the rifle wielded by Mark McCloskey during the June 28 incident, the KMOV news channel in St. Louis said.

 

McCloskey and his wife, Patricia, are both personal injury lawyers and have said they were frightened for their lives when demonstrators protesting against police violence marched by their mansion on their way to the home of St. Louis Mayor Lyda Krewson.

Videos show the couple, who are white, shouting at Black and white protesters to keep off their property over several minutes while some in the crowd record the scene on their cellphones, or shout out that the protesters have no interest in causing the couple harm. Patricia McCloskey pointed a handgun at the crowd.

 
minneapolis-police-protests-couple-image
Patricia McCloskey points a gun at a man holding a video camera and microphone outside her home in St. Louis on June 28. (Lawrence Bryant/Reuters)

The McCloskeys, a lawyer representing them and the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department did not respond to requests for comment.

Soon after the incident, Kimberly Gardner, the city's chief prosecutor, said she was alarmed by the videos and that her office was investigating a possible infringement of people's right to peacefully protest, saying in a statement that "intimidation or threat of deadly force will not be tolerated."

The couple have said they were within their rights to defend their property.

WATCH | Trump shares video of couple threatening protesters at gunpoint:

 
U.S. President Donald Trump retweeted a news report featuring video of a St. Louis couple pointing a handgun and a rifle at demonstrators who were marching to the mayor's house.  1:28

The McCloskeys have repeatedly filed lawsuits or threatened to do so in order to defend their property rights, according to an investigation published by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch on Saturday.

In 2013, Mark McCloskey destroyed bee hives just outside his mansion's wall that were placed there by a neighbouring synagogue in order to provide honey for Rosh Hashanah celebrations, the newspaper reported. McCloskey left a note saying he would sue the congregation if they did not remove all trace of the hives.

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On 7/10/2020 at 10:12 AM, Jaydee said:

Fast forward to the 1:30

The most rational thing I've heard from CNN in years. I'm guessing it's old. 

Old as in pre-Trump era, that's when they lost the bubble entirely and became propaganda.

Here's a great quote to reflect on:

Thomas Sowell, who happens to be black, has observed: “The word ‘racism’ is like ketchup. It can be put on practically anything — and demanding evidence makes you a ‘racist’.”

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“ It's not the police who need to be retrained, it's the public. We have grown into a mouthy, cell phone wielding, vulgar, uncivil society with no personal responsibility and the attitude of 'it's the other person's fault', 'you owe me'. A society where children grow up with no boundaries or knowledge or concern for civil society and personal responsibility.

When an officer says "Put your hands up," then put your hands up! Don't reach for something in your pocket, your lap, your seat. There's plenty of reason for a police officer to feel threatened, there have been multiple assaults and ambushes on police officers lately. Comply with requests from the officer, have your day in court. Don't mouth off, or fight, or refuse to comply... that escalates the situation.

Police officers are our sons and daughters, fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters. They're black, white, brown, all colors, all ethnicities, all faiths, male and female, they are us. They see the worst side of humanity... the raped children, the bloody mangled bodies of traffic victims, the bruised and battered victims of domestic violence, homicide victims, body parts... day after day.

They work holidays while we have festive meals with our families. They miss school events with their kids, birthdays, anniversaries, all those special occasions that we take for granted. They work in all types of weather, under dangerous conditions, for relatively low pay.

They have extensive training, but they are human. When there are numerous attacks on them, they become hyper vigilant for a reason, they have become targets. When a police officer encounters any person... any person, whether at a traffic stop, a street confrontation, an arrest, whatever... that situation has the potential to become life threatening. You, Mr & Mrs/Miss Civilian, also have the responsibility of keeping the situation from getting out of control.

Many, the majority, of law enforcement officers are Veterans. They've been in service to this nation most of their lives, whether on the battlefield or protecting us here at home. They are the only thing that stands between us and anarchy in the streets.

If you want to protect your child, teach them respect... for themselves, for you as a parent, for their teachers, for police officers. Police officers do not make the laws, they merely enforce them. If you don't like the law, be proactive in the political process. The police officer doesn't have, or want, the role of judge and jury.

If you get a speeding ticket... were you speeding? Don't blame the cop if you broke the law. Go to court, pay the fine, don't do it again.

It's easy to judge, it's harder to look within oneself and see what your role should be as a citizen, as a responsible person seeing both sides of the issue.

All lives matter, Blue lives matter, too!"

960ACFFE-841B-4E70-AB93-75503D8BB0FA.jpeg

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Maybe a well advertised, 24 hour coordinated national police strike is in order. By extension, there would be little in the way of fire and ambulance services during that period either due to security concerns. I'm thinking something reminiscent of The Purge. 

Do it once a month until there is a coherent position from all politicians.... I'll even settle for a public apology from AOC. Maybe the first Friday of each month would work. There is nothing like giving Liberals what they want to make them stop wanting it, especially if they know they have to pay for it themselves.

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Portland autonomous zone is taken by 'criminals, not protesters,' acting CBP chief says

'The DOJ and DHS is going to get involved,' he said

Mark Morgan: 'Criminals' not protesters set up Portland's new 'autonomous zone'

Acting CBP commissioner Mark Morgan reacts to Portland protesters creating an 'autonomous zone' and if the federal government will step in

The Portland, Ore., protesters who have created their own 'autonomous zone' by pitching tents and rebuilding barricades are "criminals," acting Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Commissioner Mark Morgan said on Thursday.

 

“These are individuals that are planning, organizing with premeditation to destroy federal property and harm federal officers and agents,” Morgan told “Fox & Friends.”

Morgan noted that the Portland protesters are coming in with rocks, hammers and nails in plywood to intentionally cause harm.

“Those are criminals, those are not protesters,” Morgan said.

PORTLAND'S UNREST CONTINUES FOR SIX WEEKS STRAIGHT WITH NO APPARENT END IN SIGHT

The protesters in Portland began to set up tents in a park near the federal courthouse early Wednesday, and barricaded streets to create their own autonomous zone, likened to the since disbanded Capitol Hill Organized Protest in Seattle.Video

Demonstrators began erecting tents in downtown Portland’s Lownsdale Square, across the street from the federal Pioneer Courthouse, one of the federal properties Homeland Security sought to protect by bringing federal officers into the city two weeks ago.

A camera at the Portland Standard Building showed protesters beginning to assemble tents late Tuesday night in the same park where “Occupy Portland” set up in 2011, KATU reported.

Morgan said that the Trump administration is supporting law enforcement at the local, state and federal levels.

“The Department of Justice is going to be involved in this, DHS is going to be involved in this, and we’re really taking a stand across the board," he said, adding: "We’re going to do what needs to be done to protect the men and women of this country.”

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Oregon officials angered as uninvited federal officers deploy in Portland to quell protests

 

DHS official cites 'lawless anarchists,' but most violent recent incident involved federal officer

The Associated Press · Posted: Jul 17, 2020 8:07 AM ET | Last Updated: 32 minutes ago
 
racial-injustice-protester-injured-portl
A waste receptacle's contents are in flames on July 12 as protesters gathered in downtown Portland, Ore. There have been ongoing protests in the city in the wake of George Floyd's killing by police. (Dave Killen/The Oregonian via AP)

Federal officers deployed tear gas and fired less-lethal rounds into a crowd of protesters in Oregon, hours after the head of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security visited Portland and called the demonstrators "violent anarchists."

Video showed many protesters leaving the area near the federal courthouse late Thursday as smoke filled the air. Protests have taken place for nearly two months in Portland, since the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis on May 25.

 

During a visit to Portland earlier Thursday, Department of Homeland Security Acting Secretary Chad Wolf said state and city authorities are to blame for not putting an end to the protests, angering local officials.

"The city of Portland has been under siege for 47 straight days by a violent mob while local political leaders refuse to restore order to protect their city," Wolf said in a statement. "Each night, lawless anarchists destroy and desecrate property, including the federal courthouse, and attack the brave law enforcement officers protecting it."

Mayor Ted Wheeler and other local officials have said they didn't ask for help from federal law enforcement and have asked them to leave.

Police Chief Chuck Lovell said Monday that police communicate with federal officers mostly to avoid any unintentional confusion.

Last week, Deputy Police Chief Chris Davis said an "agitator corps" of violent protesters were responsible for vandalism and chaos in the city. Davis made a distinction between Black Lives Matter protesters, whom he said were nonviolent, and a smaller group of people he repeatedly called "agitators."

On Thursday night, a few hundred people had gathered near the federal courthouse, news outlets reported. Police told protesters to leave after announcing they heard some chanting about burning down the building, according to The Oregonian.

 
racial-injustice-protester-injured-portl
In this Friday, July 10, 2020, file photo, U.S. federal officers pull a protester into the Federal Courthouse as demonstrators gather in downtown Portland, Ore. The increased presence of federal officers has displeased the city's mayor and the state governor. (Dave Killen/The Oregonian via AP)

A short time later, federal officers deployed tear gas to break up the crowd. Some protesters remained in the area early Friday and were detained, but it was unclear whether any arrests were made, the newspaper reported.

"This political theater from President Trump has nothing to do with public safety," Oregon Gov. Kate Brown tweeted. "The President is failing to lead this nation. Now he is deploying federal officers to patrol the streets of Portland in a blatant abuse of power by the federal government."

Protester hospitalized last week

Tensions were exacerbated after a protester was hit in the head by a less-lethal weapon fired by a federal law enforcement officer on July 11. Less-lethal weapons can fire rubber or plastic bullets.

Bystander videos show Dustin LaBella, 26, collapsing to the ground unconscious and bleeding profusely from the head after being hit.

LaBella's mother, Desiree LaBella, told Oregon Public Broadcasting that her son suffered facial and skull fractures.

U.S. President Donald Trump said two days after the incident that "Portland was totally out of control" and that federal officers "very much quelled it."

"They went in and I guess they have many people right now in jail. We very much quelled it. If it starts again, we'll quell it again, very easily. It's not hard to do if you know what you're doing," he said at a roundtable on law enforcement.

The federal response has greatly concerned Oregon's representatives in Washington, D.C. Jeff Merkley and Ron Wyden, both Democratic senators, as well as Suzanne Bonamici and Earl Blumenauer of the House of Representatives, have written U.S. Attorney General William Barr to demand answers into how the federal officers were deployed and the scope of their activities.

"A peaceful protester in Portland was shot in the head by one of Donald Trump's secret police," Wyden tweeted on Thursday. "Now Trump and Chad Wolf are weaponizing the DHS as their own occupying army to provoke violence on the streets of my hometown because they think it plays well with right-wing media."

The U.S. Marshals Service is investigating the LaBella shooting.

The investigation into the shooting will be reviewed by the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Attorney for Oregon Billy J. Williams said earlier this week. 

Further questions have been raised after an Oregon Public Broadcasting report on Thursday detailed accounts of witnesses who have seen camouflaged officers emerged from unmarked white vans to swoop on individuals and apprehend them before driving off.

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Several Ottawa area Liberal candidates say they have accepted an apology from Liberal leader Justin Trudeau for dressing up in blackface at an Arabian-nights-themed end-of-year school dinner in 2001.

“If this were something that happened last week, it would be a completely different story,” MP Greg Fergus, who is black, said Thursday. “This is something that happened 20 years ago. Over 20 years ago. I think we have to ask ourselves ‘When did this happen? Is this a reflection of this person’s views?’ ” Fergus told reporters.

So a black MP says it’s ok, the pms blackface moment was 20 years ago, let’s forget about it happening.....do you think the liberals will use this to defend the history Canada vs BLM?

The Liberal MPs seem comfortable with the forgive and forget Defense in the current parliamentary hearings re WE scandal.

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8 hours ago, st27 said:

So a black MP says it’s ok, the pms blackface moment was 20 years ago, let’s forget about it happening.....do you think the liberals will use this to defend the history Canada vs BLM?

The Liberal MPs seem comfortable with the forgive and forget Defense in the current parliamentary hearings re WE scandal.

on the other hand:

'My Nigerian great-grandfather sold slaves'

  • 19 July 2020
 
Slave Driving In Africa In The 19Th Century. From Africa By Keith Johnston, Published 1884.Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Amid the global debate about race relations, colonialism and slavery, some of the Europeans and Americans who made their fortunes in trading human beings have seen their legacies reassessed, their statues toppled and their names removed from public buildings.

Nigerian journalist and novelist Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani writes that one of her ancestors sold slaves, but argues that he should not be judged by today's standards or values.

 

My great-grandfather, Nwaubani Ogogo Oriaku, was what I prefer to call a businessman, from the Igbo ethnic group of south-eastern Nigeria. He dealt in a number of goods, including tobacco and palm produce. He also sold human beings.

"He had agents who captured slaves from different places and brought them to him," my father told me.

Nwaubani Ogogo's slaves were sold through the ports of Calabar and Bonny in the south of what is today known as Nigeria.

People from ethnic groups along the coast, such as the Efik and Ijaw, usually acted as stevedores for the white merchants and as middlemen for Igbo traders like my great-grandfather.

They loaded and offloaded ships and supplied the foreigners with food and other provisions. They negotiated prices for slaves from the hinterlands, then collected royalties from both the sellers and buyers.

 

About 1.5 million Igbo slaves were shipped across the Atlantic Ocean between the 15th and 19th Centuries.

More than 1.5 million Africans were shipped to what was then called the New World - the Americas - through the Calabar port, in the Bight of Bonny, making it one of the largest points of exit during the transatlantic trade.

     

The only life they knew

Nwaubani Ogogo lived in a time when the fittest survived and the bravest excelled. The concept of "all men are created equal" was completely alien to traditional religion and law in his society.

Statue
Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
Assessing the people of Africa's past by today's standards would compel us to cast the majority of our heroes as villains"
Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
Nigerian journalist
 

It would be unfair to judge a 19th Century man by 21st Century principles.

Assessing the people of Africa's past by today's standards would compel us to cast the majority of our heroes as villains, denying us the right to fully celebrate anyone who was not influenced by Western ideology.

Igbo slave traders like my great-grandfather did not suffer any crisis of social acceptance or legality. They did not need any religious or scientific justifications for their actions. They were simply living the life into which they were raised.

That was all they knew.

 

Slaves buried alive

The most popular story I've heard about my great-grandfather was how he successfully confronted officials of the British colonial government after they seized some of his slaves.

White traders inspect African slaves during a sale, circa 1850
Getty
My great-grandfather apparently did not consider it fair that his slaves had been seized"
Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
Nigerian journalist
 

The slaves were being transported by middlemen, along with a consignment of tobacco and palm produce, from Nwaubani Ogogo's hometown of Umuahia to the coast.

My great-grandfather apparently did not consider it fair that his slaves had been seized.

Buying and selling of human beings among the Igbo had been going on long before the Europeans arrived. People became slaves as punishment for crime, payment for debts, or prisoners of war.

The successful sale of adults was considered an exploit for which a man was hailed by praise singers, akin to exploits in wrestling, war, or in hunting animals like the lion.

Igbo slaves served as domestic servants and labourers. They were sometimes also sacrificed in religious ceremonies and buried alive with their masters to attend to them in the next world.

Slavery was so ingrained in the culture that a number of popular Igbo proverbs make reference to it:

  • Anyone who has no slave is his own slave
  • A slave who looks on while a fellow slave is tied up and thrown into the grave with his master should realise that the same thing could be done to him someday
  • It is when the son is being given advice that the slave learns

The arrival of European merchants offering guns, mirrors, gin, and other exotic goods in exchange for humans massively increased demand, leading people to kidnap others and sell them.

 

How slaves were traded in Africa

 
  • European buyers tended to remain on the coast
  • African sellers brought slaves from the interior on foot
  • Journeys could be as long as 485km (300 miles)
  • Two captives were typically chained together at the ankle
  • Columns of captives were tied together by ropes around their necks
  • 10%-15% of captives died on the way

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica

   

Resisting abolition

The trade in African people continued until 1888, when Brazil became the last country in the Western hemisphere to abolish it.

Image of slave
Getty
We think this trade must go on.That is the verdict of our oracle and our priests"
King of Bonny
19th Century
 

When the British extended their rule to south-eastern Nigeria in the late 19th Century and early 20th Century, they began to enforce abolition through military action.

But by using force rather than persuasion, many local people such as my great-grandfather may not have understood that abolition was about the dignity of humankind and not a mere change in economic policy that affected demand and supply.

"We think this trade must go on," one local king in Bonny infamously said in the 19th Century.

"That is the verdict of our oracle and our priests. They say that your country, however great, can never stop a trade ordained by God."

 

As far as my great-grandfather was concerned, he had a bona fide trading licence from the Royal Niger Company, a British company that administered commerce in the region in the last quarter of the 19th Century.

So when his property was seized, an aggrieved Nwaubani Ogogo boldly went to see the colonial officers responsible and presented them with his licence. They released his goods, and his slaves.

"The white people apologised to him," my father said.

   

Slave trade in the 20th Century

Acclaimed Igbo historian Adiele Afigbo described the slave trade in south-eastern Nigeria which lasted until the late 1940s and early 1950s as one of the best kept secrets of the British colonial administration.

While the international trade ended, the local trade continued.

"The government was aware of the fact that the coastal chiefs and the major coastal traders had continued to buy slaves from the interior," wrote Afigbo in The Abolition of the Slave Trade in Southern Nigeria: 1885 to 1950.

He added that the British tolerated the ongoing trade on political and economic grounds.

 

They needed the slave-trading chiefs for effective local governance, and for the expansion and growth of legitimate trade.

Sometimes, they also turned a blind eye rather than jeopardise a useful alliance, as seems to have been the case when they returned Nwaubani Ogogo's slaves.

That incident deified Nwaubani Ogogo among his people. Here was a man who successfully confronted the white powers from overseas. I have heard the story from relatives, and have read about it.

It was also the beginning of a relationship of mutual respect with the colonialists that led to Nwaubani Ogogo being appointed a paramount chief by the British administration.

He was the government's representative to the people in his region, in a system known as indirect rule.

27b118a8-2864-4f22-ad22-5e1ef1513eff
Getty
How the UK abolished slavery

 

  • 1833Parliament outlawed slavery in most British colonies

  • 1834Law took effect

  • 800,000slaves were freed

  • £20mallocated to pay for "damages" suffered by owners

  • 0compensation for freed slaves

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica
 

Records from the UK's National Archives at Kew Gardens show how desperately the British struggled to end the internal trade in slaves for almost the entire duration of the colonial period.

They promoted legitimate trade, especially in palm produce. They introduced English currency to replace the cumbersome brass rods and cowries that merchants needed slaves to carry. They prosecuted offenders with prison sentences.

"By the 1930s, the colonial establishment had been worn down," wrote Afigbo.

"As a result, they had come to place their hope for the extirpation of the trade on the corrosive effect over time of education and general civilisation."

 

Working with the British

As a paramount chief, Nwaubani Ogogo collected taxes on behalf of the British and earned a commission for himself in the process.

He presided over cases in native courts. He supplied labourers for the construction of rail lines. He also willingly donated land for missionaries to build churches and schools.

Church
Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
My great-grandfather is renowned for his business prowess, strong leadership, immense contribution to society, and advancement of Christianity"
Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
Nigerian journalist
 

The house where I grew up and where my parents still live sits on a piece of land that has been in my family for over a century.

It was once the site of Nwaubani Ogogo's guest house, where he hosted visiting British officials. They sent him envelopes containing snippets of their hair to let him know whenever they were due to arrive.

Nwaubani Ogogo died sometime in the early 20th Century. He left behind dozens of wives and children. No photographs exist of him but he was said to have been remarkably light-skinned.

In December 2017, a church in Okaiuga in Abia State of south-eastern Nigeria was celebrating its centenary and invited my family to receive a posthumous award on his behalf.

 

Their records showed that he had provided an armed escort for the first missionaries in the area.

My great-grandfather was renowned for his business prowess, outstanding boldness, strong leadership, vast influence, immense contributions to society, and advancement of Christianity.

The Igbo do not have a culture of erecting monuments to their heroes - otherwise one dedicated to him might have stood somewhere in the Umuahia region today.

"He was respected by everyone around," my father said. "Even the white people respected him."

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On 7/18/2020 at 9:47 AM, st27 said:

So a black MP says it’s ok, the pms blackface moment was 20 years ago, let’s forget about it happening.....do you think the liberals will use this to defend the history Canada vs BLM?

The Liberal MPs seem comfortable with the forgive and forget Defense in the current parliamentary hearings re WE scandal.

What about the statues that are being torn down because those people lived 200 or more years ago?

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