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Reality 101

 

When you remove the virtue signalling from this subject pushed by out of touch politicians and delusional radical activists…right now used diesel powered trucks are so scarce, 4 year old trucks are selling for almost the price of a new one.

And, they don’t need a subsidy to sell . People actually want them.

 

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Electric vehicles, renewables will need rise in mineral supply: IEA (cnbc.com)

Electric vehicles and renewables will need a dramatic rise in mineral supply, IEA warns

PUBLISHED WED, MAY 5 20219:16 AM EDTUPDATED AN HOUR AGO

KEY POINTS

Around the world, governments are laying out targets to cut emissions and increase renewable energy installations.

For many countries, any such move will be a significant challenge requiring a huge amount of change.

The supply of critical minerals crucial for technologies such as wind turbines and electric vehicles will have to be ramped up over the next decades if the planet’s climate targets are to be met, according to the International Energy Agency.

A new report from the Paris-based organization, published Wednesday and entitled “The Role of Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Transitions,” focuses on the importance of nickel, cobalt, lithium, copper and rare earth elements.

In a statement accompanying the report’s release, the IEA outlined how much the need for these materials could increase going forward.

 

“Demand outlooks and supply vulnerabilities vary widely by mineral,” it said, “but the energy sector’s overall needs for critical minerals could increase by as much as six times by 2040, depending on how rapidly governments act to reduce emissions.”

 

In a sign of how the shift to renewable energy installations will increase the pressure on critical mineral supplies, the IEA said an onshore wind plant needed “nine times more mineral resources than a similarly sized gas-fired power plant.”

 

Around the world, governments are laying out targets to cut emissions and increase renewable energy installations, with a number aiming to use wind and solar energy as a crucial tool in their pivot away from fossil fuels. The reality on the ground shows that for many countries, any such move will be a significant challenge requiring a huge amount of change.

 

Despite the size of the task, slowly but surely, some shifts are taking place. At the end of April, for instance, the U.S. Department of Energy said it had awarded $19 million of funding to 13 projects focused on the production of rare earth elements and critical minerals.

 

The projects will be located in what the DOE described as “traditionally fossil fuel-producing communities.” Rare earth elements and critical minerals, it added, were “vital to the manufacturing of batteries, magnets, and other components important to the clean energy economy.”

 

With demand for these materials only set to increase, there will be a number of hurdles to overcome. For its part, the IEA highlighted a number of potential challenges.

 

These include supply chains described as being “complex and sometimes opaque”; the high concentration of materials in a small number of countries; tougher environmental and social standards being expected of producers; and a drop in the quality of available deposits.

 

“Today, the data shows a looming mismatch between the world’s strengthened climate ambitions and the availability of critical minerals that are essential to realising those ambitions,” Fatih Birol, the IEA’s executive director, said in a statement.

 

“The challenges are not insurmountable, but governments must give clear signals about how they plan to turn their climate pledges into action,” Birol added.

 

“By acting now and acting together, they can significantly reduce the risks of price volatility and supply disruptions,” he said.

 

Birol went on to state that the potential vulnerabilities could, if not addressed, “make global progress towards a clean energy future slower and more costly.” This would in turn hamper global efforts to tackle climate change, he claimed.

 

The IEA’s report makes six key recommendations for what it describes as a “new, comprehensive approach to mineral security.”

 

These include a scaling up of recycling, promoting technological innovation, strengthening the resilience of supply chains and transparency of markets and ensuring “adequate investment in diversified sources of new supply.”

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Trudeau doesn’t even have sufficient political leverage to keep the pipeline open, partly because he certainly doesn’t have sufficient intellectual leverage. Not because he believes in a man-made global warming crisis. Because he believes the transition to the green economy is all hugs and puppies, like public policy generally.”

 

https://nationalpost.com/opinion/john-robson-for-trudeau-addressing-climate-change-is-all-hugs-and-puppies?utm_term=Autofeed&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook&fbclid=IwAR3mIOM8OYKNwz_Ay-Qhzv4JmfRButlzNpYG-AQKLGlLG7Id-Ik51HBW-Fg#Echobox=1620209589

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China’s Emissions Now Exceed All the Developed World’s Combined

China’s emissions of six heat-trapping gases, including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, rose to 14.09 billion tons of CO2 equivalent in 2019, edging out the total of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development members by about 30 million tons, according to the New York-based climate research group.

The massive scale of China’s emissions highlights the importance of President Xi Jinping’s drive to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and reach net-zero by 2060. China accounted for 27% of global emissions. The U.S., the second biggest emitter, contributed 11% while India for the first time surpassed the European Union with about 6.6%

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-05-06/china-s-emissions-now-exceed-all-the-developed-world-s-combined?utm_campaign=news&utm_medium=bd&utm_source=applenews

217C0E32-F9C5-4B7C-B3E9-D38A5BCE51D9.jpeg

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I wonder if we will see that line cut off and what the impact on Ontario and Quebec will be?  Will relization dawn that they do need Alberta Oil?

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Canada's ambassador to the United States says that while the potential shutdown of Line 5 is a serious issue, it's not a threat to Canada's national energy security. 

"It is not a threat to Canada's national economic or energy security," Kristen Hillman told CBC News Network's Power & Politics Thursday.

 

"I think that it is an important dispute or disagreement that exists between Enbridge and the state of Michigan that needs to be taken very seriously. And we are taking it very seriously."

Line 5, which runs through Michigan from the Wisconsin city of Superior to Sarnia, Ont., crosses the Great Lakes beneath the environmentally sensitive Straits of Mackinac, which link Lake Michigan to Lake Huron.

The pipeline carries petroleum east from Western Canada. Once it hits Ontario, most of the crude oil is turned into fuels that meet almost 50 per cent of the province's fuel demands. The remainder of the supply is sent on to Quebec refineries through Line 9, where it provides 40 to 50 per cent of that province's fuel supply.  

 

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Canadian workers and others who benefit from Enbridge's Line 5 pipeline are anxiously watching what's playing out this week in Michigan, which has given the Calgary-based company until tomorrow to shut down the pipeline. While backed by Indigenous groups, decommissioning the pipeline would cut off a major source of fuel for Ontario and Quebec. For its part, Enbridge insisted to CBC News that it won't halt operations unless forced by a court to do so. The pipeline carries some 540,000 barrels of Canadian crude oil and other petroleum products per day across Wisconsin and Michigan to Sarnia, and accounts for nearly half of the supply of light crude oil, light synthetic crude oil and natural gas liquids in Ontario and Quebec. Read more about the pipeline here

 

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Energy self-sufficiency requires pipelines

Central Canadians would learn energy self-sufficiency impossible without pipeline

  • Calgary Herald
  • 11 May 2021
  • LICIA CORBELLA Licia Corbella is a Postmedia columnist in Calgary. lcorbella@postmedia.com Twitter: @Liciacorbella
img?regionKey=DrkH7SJxCgLM3o9o9Mr6cg%3d%3d Gretchen Whitmer

A part of me wants Enbridge's Line 5 pipeline to shut down, if only for a few months, not because I wish our country ill, but because I want what's best for it.

What's best for Canada is energy self-sufficiency and security, and that's simply impossible without pipelines. Shutting down this vital energy lifeline, even temporarily, would provide a collective slap to the lives and livelihoods of Ontarians and Quebecers — along with their pandering politicians — that would help jolt them out of their anti-pipeline dreamland and into reality.

For the most part, Canadians are energy illiterate. There are people in Canada — many thousands, in fact — who believe Canadians can survive and thrive in our vast and mostly cold country without petroleum products. Those people are living in a fantasy land and only such a jolt would forcibly drag them into the real world.

Ontarians and Quebecers, who would be most affected by the shutdown of Enbridge's Line 5, would feel the effects of the shutdown almost immediately. That's what happens when you turn off the tap to 540,000 barrels per day of crude oil and natural gas liquids from Alberta to the Great Lakes area that finds its way to refineries in Sarnia, Ont.

Line 5 alone supplies half of Ontario's crude oil and natural gas liquids (which are refined into propane) and two-thirds of Quebec's. All of the jet fuel that is used at Toronto's Pearson International Airport originates from Line 5.

The shortage in supply would inevitably lead to spiking energy prices, an increase in truck and rail traffic, job losses, increased airline ticket costs — basically a rise in the cost of everything, from food to asphalt, to lumber to cellphones. That short-term financial pain would likely lead to long-term energy security gain.

Losing Line 5 would serve to resurrect the Energy East pipeline and help buy the social licence from Quebecers to have Alberta bitumen — what Quebec politicians call “dirty oil” — flow across their land to a refinery in New Brunswick.

Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer issued an order on Nov. 13 cancelling the pipeline's 1953 easement across the Straits of Mackinac in the Great Lakes, giving Enbridge 180 days to shut down the pipeline by May 12.

Enbridge is fighting the matter in the courts and Enbridge president and CEO Al Monaco has said that the company will not shut the line down unless ordered to do so by a U.S. federal court judge. Court hearings aren't scheduled to begin until May 18.

Mike Fernandez, a senior vice-president and chief communications officer at Enbridge, said during a telephone interview Monday that Michigan's citizens would also suffer should Line 5 be closed down.

“The cynic in me says: it's interesting that the date was 180 days and not 30 because the consequences of a Line 5 shutdown would have really been felt in the dead of winter,” said Fernandez.

Line 5 supplies 55 per cent of Michigan's statewide propane needs.

Fernandez said it's “naive” for Whitmer and those who support the shutdown to think that they can just “snap their fingers” and the infrastructure needed to keep fuelling the economy would miraculously appear.

“There's clearly no understanding of why we even have pipelines,” said Fernandez, who has worked in a U.S. democratic senator's office and was a professor of strategic communication at Boston University.

“Pipelines … have a less intrusive impact on the environment than shipping this stuff by rail or by truck or by ship. All of those burn fuel in order to ship fuel.

“The volumes we're talking about is there will be a need for 10,000 tank trucks on the roads in Michigan and where are you going to find the trucks and all the drivers. It's not like you can press a button and all of a sudden these things magically appear,” explained Fernandez.

“In her budget message to the state legislature, (Whitmer) put forward a proposal to provide propane security and part of that propane security was to build a rail line from one part of the state to the other. That's not going to be in place in six months,” he said. “That also has to go through regulatory approvals and they'll also have to file environmental impact statements and the amount of money that was set aside is far less than what it will take to do it.”

Enbridge had received the approval by Michigan's previous governor, Rick Snyder, to build a tunnel “well below the lake bed” and put new pipelines in the tunnel to replace the 68-yearold twin pipes “that have never spilled an ounce in the water” but obviously that process has been slowed down by Whitmer, said Fernandez.

On Friday, a ransomware cyberattack against Colonial Pipeline to extort money out of the company caused crude prices and gasoline prices to spike in the U.S. by six cents a gallon.

The pipeline carries 2.5 million barrels a day of diesel, petrol and jet fuel.

On Sunday, President Joe Biden's government was forced to pass emergency legislation to relax its safety rules on fuel being transported by road to minimize disruption to supply. This allowed drivers in 18 states to work extra or more flexible hours when transporting refined petroleum products.

Would Prime Minister Justin Trudeau similarly be forced to relax safety and environmental rules on barges travelling up the St. Lawrence Seaway or for drivers moving oil or propane to supply Ontarians' and Quebecers' thirst for oil products? Saudi Arabia's princes would be so happy.

Remember the dire situation for Quebec farmers who faced losing their entire crops in fall 2019 as a result of a propane shortage caused by a rail strike? Perhaps pipelines would be in the works had those farmers' crops rotted in their silos?

Sarnia's mayor, Mike Bradley, says anywhere from 3,000 to 4,900 high-paying jobs at Sarnia refineries could be lost should Line 5 be closed down and another estimated 23,000 jobs across Ontario would disappear as well.

“I wrote a letter to all the mayors' offices in Ontario with over 50,000 population about two months ago, saying, `Your energy prices will skyrocket and you'll have more rail traffic — which we know hasn't always worked well in Canada — and more truck traffic and more barge traffic on the Great Lakes. So how is that environmentally friendly?'”

It's not. Shutting down Line 5 would, of course, hurt Alberta too, but if it meant that it would open the eyes of central Canadians towards the need for greater energy security it would be worth it.

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U.S. steelworkers to rally in Michigan to keep Enbridge's Line 5 open

BY NEWS STAFF

Posted May 11, 2021 8:50 am MDT

 

Last Updated May 11, 2021 at 9:06 am MDT

 
RPJF102-107_2016_144527.jpg
This photo taken in October 2016 shows an aboveground section of Enbridge's Line 5 at the Mackinaw City, Mich., pump station. Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has ordered the pipeline shut down because of concerns about a potential spill in the channel that connects Lake Huron and Lake Michigan. Enbridge is resisting the order with the support of Canadian officials who say Line 5 is essential to their economy. The disagreement comes months after U.S. President Joe Biden upset Canada by canceling the Keystone XL oil pipeline project.(AP Photo/John Flesher)
 
 

CALGARY – Calgary-based Enbridge was given a deadline of May 12 to shut down Line 5 or be forced to shut it down by Michigan’s governor.

In a last-ditch effort to keep it open, U.S. steelworkers plan to rally outside Michigan’s state legislature and testify before house and senate committees.

The pipeline transports over 500,000 barrels of oil and natural gas liquids as it travels through Michigan and into Sarnia, Ontario.

Michigan’s governor calls it a ticking time bomb. Late last year, she said the pipeline will have to close its operations by May 12, but Enbridge says it won’t do that unless a judge orders it.

The permanent stop of Line 5 would cost Sarnia up to 4,900 jobs with another 23,000 Ontario jobs possibly at stake too.

U.S. steelworkers are testifying before house and senate committees in Michigan to try and plead their case to keep Line 5 open.

Enbridge and Michigan have been in court-ordered mediation since April.

 

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Canada asks U.S. court to prevent Michigan from shutting down Line 5 pipeline

Court filing comes one day before deadline imposed by Gov. Gretchen Whitmer

CBC News · Posted: May 11, 2021 1:37 PM ET | Last Updated: 12 minutes ago

The federal government is asking a U.S. court to stop the state of Michigan from shutting down a pipeline that supplies fuel to much of Ontario and Quebec. 

Natural Resources Minister Seamus O'Regan filed court documents today opposing Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's attempt to shut down the pipeline. Whitmer has given Calgary-based Enbridge Inc. until Wednesday to shut down Line 5 — a demand the company says it has no plans to obey.

"Line 5 is essential to our energy security," O'Regan said in a statement.

 

"This brief supports the continued mediation between Enbridge and the state of Michigan, underlines that Line 5 is a critical energy and economic link between Canada and the United States, and coveys Canada's belief that the U.S. federal court is the proper jurisdiction to hear the case between Michigan and Enbridge."

Line 5, which runs through Michigan from the Wisconsin city of Superior to Sarnia, Ont., crosses the Great Lakes beneath the environmentally sensitive Straits of Mackinac, which link Lake Michigan to Lake Huron.

Whitmer is seeking to shut down the pipeline over fears that it could cause an oil spill.

A court-ordered negotiation is underway; the two sides are scheduled to meet again May 18, several days after Whitmer's self-imposed deadline.

The pipeline carries some 540,000 barrels of Canadian crude oil and other petroleum products per day across Wisconsin and Michigan to Sarnia, and accounts for nearly half of the supply of light crude oil, light synthetic crude oil and natural gas liquids in Ontario and Quebec.

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7 hours ago, Kargokings said:

Canada asks U.S. court to prevent Michigan from shutting down Line 5 pipeline

I'm trying to think of a better example of blatant liberal hypocrisy, but alas.... I got nothing.

I'm trying to think of a better example of the lack of commitment to climate change and the values reflected in pursuing it, but alas.... I got nothing.

As in California, liberal commitment to liberal values is inversely proportional to the expense and effort of the tasking. Any and all references to the war against climate change, soldiers for a better environment and sacrifice/commitment ring pretty damn hollow to anyone familiar with the concept. 

Maybe pipelines are like oxygen and no one notices until they are gone. Taken together though, these things are minor glitches compared to what people say they think they might maybe perhaps want.... until they don't.

https://www.foxbusiness.com/markets/colonial-pipeline-gas-shortages-widen-state-by-state-breakdown

 

 

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Just now, Kargokings said:

I'm an image

 

Gas stations report shortages as pipeline shutdown drags on

 

CHAMBLEE, Ga. (AP) — More than 1,000 gas stations in the Southeast reported running out of fuel, primarily because of what analysts say is unwarranted panic-buying among drivers, as the shutdown of a major pipeline by a gang of hackers entered its f...Read More

Dumb and dumber, one without a mask and the other not wearing his correctly.......

 

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U.S. pipeline problems expose Canada's vulnerability to having the taps turned off

 

Gas stations all along the U.S. Eastern Seaboard have run of of gasoline this week because of the unexpected shutdown of a major pipeline. The possible closure of another oil pipeline between Ontario and Michigan later this week would only exacerbate that problem. (Bloomberg)
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Problems with two major oil and gasoline pipelines in the United States underscore how fragile the North American energy infrastructure grid is and how vulnerable Canadians are to having their supplies disrupted.

The 8,880-kilometre-long Colonial Pipeline taking gasoline from refineries in the Gulf of Mexico up the Eastern Seaboard was hit by a cyberattack this week, taking tens of millions of litres of gasoline offline. That's led to gas stations from mid-Atlantic states to as far north as New York running out, and long lines at stations that still have gas.

 

Under normal circumstances, the pipeline carries 2.5 million barrels of gasoline a day to the area up to Greensboro, N.C., with nearly a million more barrels winding up as far north as New Jersey.

The company says it expects to have everything back up and running by Friday. If that timeline holds true, it means something in the range of 20 to 30 million barrels of gasoline have been made unavailable.

The impact that local pipeline issues can have on the broader grid speaks to how interconnected and tenuous the system is, said Warren Mabee, director of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy at Queen's University in Kingston, Ont.

"Pipelines have become very high-stakes games, even in places where previously they had kind of gone unnoticed," he said in an interview with CBC News.

Gasoline is already being pulled in to affected areas from others with an excess, mostly from other parts of the U.S. Tankers full of gasoline from Europe have been diverted. While it hasn't happened yet, it's not impossible to imagine Canadian gasoline being rerouted.

 
colonial-pipeline-map.jpg
Gasoline prices on the Eastern Seaboard of the U.S. are spiking because of the shutdown of a key pipeline that carries gasoline from the Gulf Coast to as far away as the New York area. (Wendy Martinez/CBC)

The shutdown comes as gasoline prices are normally ticking higher as summer approaches  — a trend that's even more prevalent this year because of the pandemic.

"Memorial Day is three weeks away, [gasoline] inventories have pulled back meaningfully from peak-pandemic levels, and there is an expectation that everyone and their brother will hit the roads this summer for … vacations," transportation analyst Jonathan Chappell with investment research firm Evercore ISI said in a note to clients.

"As such, there is an element of panic involved when there is no timetable for the return of the pipeline that supplies about 45 per cent of all gasoline and diesel fuel consumed on the East Coast."

Gas tracking website GasBuddy.com says the average price of gasoline in the United States has already hit $2.99 a gallon, a level it hasn't hit since 2014.

Patrick De Haan, an analyst with the price-tracking website, said the impact on Canada is negligible in the short term at least. "If it goes for a longer period than a week, there may be an ever so slight rise," he told CBC News in a direct message.

Canadian prices haven't moved much, so far. According to government data, The average retail price of gasoline across Canada on Tuesday was a little over $1.33 a litre, a slight decline from $1.35 before the cyberattack.

Vivek Gupta, a partner in BDO Canada's cybersecurity practice, says the situation underscores how important cybersecurity is to critical infrastructure like oil and gas pipelines. The longer it goes on, the more likely it is that Canadian consumers will feel it, he said.

"If they're not able to recover in a week, then there will be more impacts on Canada," he said in an interview with CBC News on Tuesday.

"Refineries are sitting on product and storage tanks are filling up, but the demand for gasoline is still the same, if not higher," he said.

Line 5

While the prospect of Canadian gasoline being siphoned off to be used in the U.S. is remote, a far greater concern for Canadian drivers is another pipeline deadlock elsewhere in the United States.

Michigan has given Enbridge an ultimatum to shut down its Line 5 pipeline between Ontario and the state by Wednesday. Gov. Gretchen Witmer has railed against the 68-year-old pipeline on environmental grounds, arguing that the portion that passes underneath the Straits of Mackinac between Lake Huron and Lake Michigan is a "ticking time bomb" in danger of breaching.

Calgary-based Enbridge has dismissed those concerns and says it will only shut the line down if it is forced to do so by a court order. It's hard to imagine that would happen. Canada's federal government in fact asked a court to do the opposite on Tuesday, petitioning a U.S. court to block the state from interfering in a matter than concerns Canada and the U.S. as a whole. But it is hard to downplay how major such a disruption would be.

 
line-5-pipeline.jpg
Enbridge's Line 5 carries half a million barrels a day to refineries in Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Ontario and Quebec. (CBC)

Roughly half of the oil that comes into Ontario destined to be refined into gasoline passes through the pipeline, so the impact would be significant and almost immediate, according to Laura Lau, chief investment officer with the Brompton Group in Toronto who closely follows the energy market.

"A short-term solution would be to rail it in, but that's a lot of oil," she said of the pipeline that carries more than 500,000 barrels of oil every day. "You only realize how big it is when you lose it."

Mabee says that while reducing oil demand and pipeline capacity "might be a good long term goal in the short term, we do need to think about the impact on the economies on both sides of the border."

Gasoline prices and supply have already been thrown up in the air from the cyberattack "and taking more pipeline capacity offline is just going to exacerbate that," he said.

While she doubts it would happen, Lau says a Line 5 shutdown would lead to shortages in Canada and gas lineups as people stockpile out of panic. "A lot of refineries would shut down because there'd be nothing to refine."

"I think cooler heads will prevail … but I told my husband yesterday to get some gas, just in case." 

With files from the CBC's Meega

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I wonder if Federal, Quebec and Ontario governments, and liberal supporters are having second thoughts on a all Canadian pipeline from AB to the east....what was it called ?? Oh yeah, Energy East

Quote

Once upon a time, Calgary-based TransCanada also touted the Energy East pipeline as a project in the national interest. It would give Western Canadian producers other markets to sell their oil to other than the U.S. The 4,600-kilometre-long pipeline would also create thousands of construction jobs across Canada. In New Brunswick, TransCanada said the pipeline would result in $6.5 billion in investment in the provincial economy, over 3,700 direct and indirect jobs during the nine-year construction phase and $853 million in tax revenue during the life of the project.

TransCanada was vague about its reasoning for cancelling the project in October of 2017. It said a “careful review of changed circumstances” caused it to kill a pipeline with a capacity to ship 1.1 million barrels per day of Western crude. Industry experts feel it grew tired of fierce opposition to the pipeline in Quebec and was concerned about changes to the regulatory process made by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberal government.

Karma is a bitch.....let the eastern bastards freeze, walk, swelter and find out how much of the economy is dependant on oil.....you can’t flip a switch and go green.

https://www.naturalresourcesmagazine.net/article/double-jeopardy/

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Line 5 fight shows age of oil isn't over

 

  • Calgary Sun
  • 12 May 2021
  •  

For those who foolishly believe the age of oil is over, consider what would be happening right now if Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer had succeeded in shutting down Enbridge's Line 5 pipeline Wednesday, as she has been demanding.

Half of the oil supplied to Ontario and Quebec, and half of the propane supplied to Michigan, would be choked off.

Up to 800 tanker rail cars and 2,000 trucks per day would be needed to transport 540,000 barrels of oil and liquefied natural gas, now supplied by Line 5, since the demand for energy would still be there even if the pipeline wasn't.

Industrial greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution in both Canada and the U.S. would increase.

Tens of thousands of direct and indirect jobs would be at immediate risk on both sides of the border, in

Canada's case most severely in Sarnia.

Gasoline prices would rise in Ontario and Quebec as, presumably, would propane in Michigan, because of reduced supply.

Toronto's Pearson Airport and

Detroit's Metropolitan Airport would face severe jet fuel shortages.

In addition to Ontario, Quebec and Michigan, the economies of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ohio and Pennsylvania would take hits because of how the transportation and refining of cross-border oil and liquefied natural gas are interconnected.

All this, remember, because of the potential closure of a twin pipeline running from Wisconsin to Sarnia, including a 7.2km stretch under the Straits of Mackinac connecting Lake Michigan and Lake Huron.

Whitmer's complaint is that the 68-yearold pipeline is an environmental hazard because it runs underwater on the bed of the Great Lakes and a burst or leak could cause devastating environmental damage.

But Whitmer has no realistic backup plan to replace Line 5, even though Enbridge has agreed to do so with a $500-million underground tunnel by 2024 and has already been granted key construction permits by the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes and Energy.

Putting political partisanship aside, the federal, Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and Saskatchewan governments are united in supporting Line 5 legally and are seeking a mediated solution to resolve the impasse, including intervention by

U.S. President Joe Biden, if necessary.

So much for the end of the age of oil.

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We're losing the war on pipelines

Canada may win the Enbridge Line 5 battle, but we're still losing the war

  • Calgary Herald
  • 13 May 2021
  • TED MORTON Ted Morton is an executive fellow at the School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary and a former minister of energy and minister of finance in the government of Alberta.
img?regionKey=vx62ZZ8hHC%2fQLVF1hEtRuw%3d%3dDARRYL DYCK /THE CANADIAN PRESS FILES Demonstrators protest the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion in Vancouver in 2018. The effort to block oil pipelines out of Canada, and, by extension, to shut down the oilsands, is a threat to the future of this country, writes Ted Morton.

The Enbridge Line 5 pipeline confrontation is political theatre at its best and worst. But this doesn't mean it's inconsequential. There is virtually zero chance that the Governor of Michigan can unilaterally close down an existing pipeline that crosses both state and international boundaries. This type of issue is way outside any one state's jurisdiction. But this doesn't mean that Canada will have won. We may win this battle, but we are still losing the war to Blockadia — the well-organized, well-financed crusade to block oil pipelines out of Canada, and, by extension, to shut down the Canadian oilsands.

Jurisdictionally, the governor's executive order to shut down Line 5 is in clear contravention of the 1977 Canada-u.s. treaty that prohibits governments on both sides of the border from closing an existing pipeline unless there is a “natural disaster or operating emergency.” There is neither in Line 5. Gretchen Whitmer's order also violates both NAFTA and new USMCA. The likelihood of a federal judge issuing an order to turn off the taps is remote, and Gov. Whitmer knows this. So why did she issue the order?

Whitmer's ambitions go far beyond just being the governor of Michigan. She is only 49 years young. Her first term expires next year. Her challenge to Line 5 is classic virtue-signalling and has made her the overnight hero of the American anti-pipeline movement. Dozens of climate-change groups and other Democratic politicians are intervening in this legal action to support her. Don't be surprised to see her as a keynote speaker at the Democratic Party's 2024 national convention. Whitmer is laying the foundations for the next stage of her career: maybe as a U.S. senator; perhaps a well-paid position in the Rockefeller, Tides, Leadnow or other foundations that finance the anti-pipeline crusade; or even a plumb federal appointment by President Joe Biden. For Whitmer, her attempt at the Line 5 veto is the means to this greater end.

And what about President Biden? Why hasn't he spoken out publicly to condemn a rogue state governor from doing something that is both unconstitutional and illegal? Once again, the answer is politics. On the first day of his presidency, Biden vetoed another Canadian oil pipeline — Keystone XL. Since then, he has declared that fighting climate change by lowering U.S. CO2 emissions is one of his top three priorities. Last but not least, Biden (and everyone else in Washington) knows that now at age 78, he is a one-term president. This undermines the influence that a first-term president normally has, even within his own party. Biden cannot afford to alienate the growing environmental wing of the Democratic Party by publicly blocking Whitmer's attempt. Besides, he has known all along that the courts are likely to do it for him.

Which brings us to Canada and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Publicly, his public relations team is working overtime to present an “all-hands-on-deck” appearance of action. Given the devastating effect a Line 5 closure would have on Ontario and Quebec, and with the next federal election on the horizon, this a political must for the Liberals. Trudeau's ministers are busily scurrying around Ottawa and Washington declaring that a Line 5 closure is “non-negotiable.”

But privately, they all know that if it were to happen, there is little Canada could do. Biden ignored Canada on Keystone XL, and he could do it again if he wanted to. Trudeau could loudly denounce this, but to little effect. And here is where Canada's problem gets deeper.

Justin Trudeau has no credibility, zero moral authority, on this issue. Trudeau is the Gretchen Whitmer of Canada. He has already done what she only dreams of doing. He has shut down one pipeline (Northern Gateway) and undermined another (Energy East). He has enacted legislation that complicates and extends an already tortuous approval process for any new pipelines (C-69) and prohibits the export of Western Canadian oil from the northern portions of British Columbia (C-49). And just as Canadian courts had finally ruled that there is no constitutional right to an Aboriginal veto of pipelines, Trudeau is adopting the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) into Canadian law (C-16). Given this remarkable track record, protests from the prime minister would never be taken seriously by anyone in Washington.

This is where and why we are losing the war. Line 5 will almost certainly remain open now, but for how long? Whitmer's Line 5 attack has gifted the American Blockadia movement with hours of prime-time media exposure and provided it with the opportunity for more social media recruiting and list-building and more fundraising to strengthen it to fight more pipeline battles down the road. Attorneys-general from 14 states and two governors (all Democrats) have filed for intervener status to support Whitmer in the federal lawsuit that Enbridge has filed against the governor's shutdown order. So have dozens of climate-change groups. The Sierra Club has characterized Line 5 as a relic of the 20th century that has no role to play in the now environmentally conscious 21st century.

In longer term, the Line 5 “defeat” will have strengthened the climate-change movement's campaign to stigmatize and block not just new but existing oil pipelines from Canada.

This should be a wake-up call for all Canadians. Six years of Justin Trudeau's climate change odyssey has left both Central Canadian consumers and Western producers vulnerable to the changing whims of American politics. Eighty per cent of Canada's oil production is sold to the U.S. at well below global prices. In the business world, no company would be deemed viable if 80 per cent of its product went to one customer. But that's where we are today.

This is an opportunity that Erin O'toole and the Conservative party should seize. They need to tell Canadian voters — especially those in Ontario and Quebec — that Justin Trudeau is the Gretchen Whitmer of Canada; that he has no credibility in defending them against a Line 5 shutdown; and that six years of Trudeau anti-oil, anti-pipeline policies have jeopardized the very future of one of the largest and most important sectors of Canada's economy.

Derek Burney, a former Canadian ambassador to the United States, has succinctly captured our challenge: that the future of Canada's oil and gas sector depends on economically competitive access to global markets and global prices.

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1 hour ago, Kargokings said:

The effort to block oil pipelines out of Canada, and, by extension, to shut down the oilsands, is a threat to the future of this country....

Turn off the seatbelt sign and let em dance.

People clearly need the experience and that experience needs to hurt sufficiently to make an indelible impression. Either that, or as a nation we will continue to have these absurd conversations about things like pipe lines, defunding police, 2030 emission targets.... etc etc. 

Insulating people from their own folly only serves to prolong the pain. And when it comes to gaining experience, the law of intensity rules. Get er done.

 

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https://electrek.co/2021/05/17/wind-giant-vestas-says-it-can-now-fully-recycle-turbine-blades/

Wind giant Vestas says it can now fully recycle turbine blades

Danish wind turbine giant Vestas has announced today that it, along with a coalition of industry and academic leaders, has figured out how to fully recycle wind turbine blades.

Fully recycling wind turbine blades

As Electrek previously reported at the end of April, the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow and Norwegian offshore wind developer Aker Offshore Wind worked out how to recycle glass-reinforced polymer composites (GRP) used in wind turbine blades.

Strathclyde’s Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering developed a solution for thermal recovery and post-treatment process of glass fibers from GRP composites scrap to achieve near-virgin-quality glass fibers. 

Now Vestas, along with Olin, an epoxy producer, the Danish Technological Institute, and Aarhus University in Denmark claims to have achieved a full recycling cycle of turbine blades by splitting and recycling both fiber and epoxy:

A coalition of industry and academic leaders have developed a new technology to enable circularity for thermoset composites, the material used to make wind turbine blades. The new technology delivers the final technological step on the journey toward a fully recyclable wind turbine value chain. To enable the adoption of this new technology, and to advance a circular economy across the wind industry, a new initiative entitled CETEC (Circular Economy for Thermosets Epoxy Composites) has been established. Within three years, CETEC is aiming to present a fully scoped solution ready for industrial adoption, based on commercialization of the novel circularity technology.

Here’s how the two-step process works. First, thermoset composites are split into fiber and epoxy. Second, the epoxy is further broken up into base components similar to virgin materials using a chemcycling process. These materials can then be reused in new turbine blades. The cycle is illustrated below:

Vestas-CETEC-project.jpg?quality=82&stri
 
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  • 4 weeks later...

Seems that you will need our fossil fuel, if for nothing else as a feed stock .

Canada, Alberta sign deal for $1.3B hydrogen plant in Edmonton

BY THE CANADIAN PRESS

Posted Jun 9, 2021 10:02 am MDT

 

Last Updated Jun 9, 2021 at 11:00 am MDT

 
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Premier Jason Kenney announces a $1.1-billion stimulus package for Alberta's communities struggling with COVID-19-related economic struggles. July 28, 2020. (Screenshot taken from CityNews live stream)
 
 

EDMONTON – The federal and Alberta governments are signing an agreement that could lead to a plant to produce hydrogen built near Edmonton.

The governments say they’re working with Air Products Canada to build the $1.3-billon plant, which would produce the clean-burning fuel from natural gas.

They say the plant would produce hydrogen-fuelled electricity and liquid hydrogen for transportation and could be running by 2024.

Hydrogen releases no carbon when it burns.

Using hydrogen instead of fossil fuels is thought to be a significant way to reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Premier Jason Kenney also says this project will create 2,500 jobs for Albertans.

“Hydrogen can bring billions of dollars to Alberta’s economy each year, while cutting emissions, and creating jobs, making it a real game-changer,” he said.

He says global demand for hydrogen power is expected t increase tenfold.

“Between now and 2050, in fact, the global hydrogen sector could generate $2.5 trillion USD per year, creating some 30 million jobs.”

Edmonton Mayor Don Iveson welcomed the news.

“The thousands of construction jobs, substantial local tax revenue ports and benefits to come are so welcome, especially in the COVID recovery context,” he said.

“This $1.3 billion investment made in Edmonton has the potential to revitalize industrial economic activity.”

Air Products Canada has been in business since 1997 and operates three hydrogen facilities in Alberta and one in Ontario, as well as pipeline networks in both provinces.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published June 9, 2021.

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This fits into "Be careful"

Some climate change fixes could drive extinctions, UN warns

But nature-based solutions could save species and should be high priority, says new report

The Associated Press · Posted: Jun 11, 2021 12:20 PM ET | Last Updated: 39 minutes ago
 
climate-species-loss.jpg
A crab roams on a beach polluted with polythene pellets that washed ashore from off a port at Kapungoda, on the outskirts of Colombo, Sri Lanka, in May 2021. To save the planet, the world needs to tackle twin crises of climate change and species loss together, two different teams of United Nations scientists said in a joint report released Thursday. (Eranga Jayawardena/The Associated Press)
 

To save the planet, the world needs to tackle the crises of climate change and species loss together, taking measures that fix both and not just one, United Nations scientists said.

A joint report Thursday by separate UN scientific bodies that look at climate change and biodiversity loss found there are ways to simultaneously attack the two global problems, but some fixes to warming could accelerate extinctions of plants and animals.

 

Biofuels, carbon capture and storage could pose risk to species

For example, measures such as expansion of bioenergy crops like corn, or efforts to pull carbon dioxide from the air and bury it, could use so much land — twice the size of India — that the impact would be "fairly catastrophic on biodiversity," said co-author and biologist Almut Arneth at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Germany.

Policy responses to climate change and biodiversity loss have long been siloed, with different government agencies responsible for each, said co-author Pamela McElwee, a human ecologist at Rutgers University.

The problems worsen each other, are intertwined and in the end hurt people, scientists said.

 
germany-coal-climate.jpg
A coal-powered plant steams behind a corn field in Datteln, Germany, on July 3, 2020. Measures such as expansion of bioenergy crops like corn, or efforts to pull carbon dioxide from the air and bury it, could use so much land — that the impact would be 'fairly catastrophic on biodiversity,' said Almut Arneth, a co-author of the report. (Martin Meissner/The Associated Press)

"Climate change and biodiversity loss are threatening human well-being as well as society," said report co-chair Hans-Otto Portner, a German biologist who helps oversee the impacts group of the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Earth's naturally changing climate shaped what life developed, including humans, but once people in the industrialized world started pumping fossil fuels into the air, that triggered cascading problems, Portner said.

"It's a high time to fix what we got wrong," he said. "The climate system is off-track and the biodiversity is suffering."

Protecting tropical forests, peatlands is win-win, report says

There are many measures that can address both problems at once, the report said.

"Protecting and restoring high-carbon ecosystems," such as tropical forests and peatlands, should be high priority, said co-author Pete Smith, a plant and soil scientist at the University of Aberdeen.

While some climate solutions can increase species loss, scientists said efforts to curb extinctions don't really harm the climate.

  •  

Yunne Shin, director of research at French National Research Institute, said the bulk of measures taken to protect biodiversity will also help curb climate change. While she applauded growing interest in nature-based solutions, she said, conservation measures "must be accompanied by clear cuts in emissions."

"This report is an important milestone," said Simon Lewis, chairman of global change science at University College London, who was not part of the report.

"Finally the world's bodies that synthesize scientific information on two of the most profound 21st century crises are working together," he said. "Halting biodiversity loss is even harder than phasing out fossil fuel use."

 
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Minnesota court affirms approval of Line 3 oil pipeline

Pipeline opponents can still appeal the decision to the Minnesota Supreme Court

The Associated Press · Posted: Jun 14, 2021 10:14 AM MT | Last Updated: 16 minutes ago
 
pipeline-protest.jpg
A makeshift "black snake" resembling a pipeline is carried as demonstrators march in Minnesota in June. On Monday, a state court backed the company's plans to build the Line 3 pipeline replacement. (Alex Kormann/Star Tribune via AP)
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The Minnesota Court of Appeals on Monday affirmed state regulators' key approvals of Calgary-based Enbridge Energy's Line 3 oil pipeline replacement project, in a dispute that drew over 1,000 protesters to northern Minnesota last week.

A three-judge panel ruled 2-1 that the state's independent Public Utilities Commission correctly granted Enbridge the certificate of need and route permit that the company needed to begin construction on the 542-kilometer Minnesota segment of a larger project to replace a 1960s-era crude oil pipeline that has been deteriorating and can run at only half capacity.

 

Pipeline opponents can appeal the decision to the Minnesota Supreme Court. Both sides planned to comment later Monday.

Tribal and climate change groups, plus the state Department of Commerce, had asked the appeals court to reject the approvals. They argued, among other things, that Enbridge's oil demand projections failed to meet the legal requirements. Enbridge and the PUC said the projections complied with the rules.

"With an existing, deteriorating pipeline carrying crude oil through Minnesota, there was no option without environmental consequences," wrote Judge Lucinda Jesson, joined by Judge Michael Kirk.

"The challenge: to balance those harms. There was no option without impacts on the rights of Indigenous peoples. The challenge: to alleviate those harms to the extent possible. And there was no crystal ball to forecast demand for crude oil in this ever-changing environment."

But Judge Peter Reyes dissented, agreeing with opponents that the oil demand forecast was flawed. He said the project benefits Canadian oil producers but would have negative consequences for the hunting, fishing, and other rights of the Red Lake and White Earth tribes and provide no benefit to the state.

"Such a decision cannot stand. Enbridge needs Minnesota for its new pipeline," Reyes wrote. "But Enbridge has not shown that Minnesota needs the pipeline."

Protests

At least 1,000 activists from across the country gathered at construction sites near the headwaters of the Mississippi River early last week. They called on President Joe Biden to cancel the project, as he did with the Keystone XL pipeline on his first day in office. Nearly 250 people were arrested, in addition to more than 250 arrests since construction began in December. A smaller group marched Thursday to the Minneapolis office of Democratic Sen. Amy Klobuchar.

The Line 3 replacement would carry Canadian oilsands oil and regular crude from Alberta to Enbridge's terminal in Superior, Wisconsin. The project is nearly done except for the Minnesota leg, which is about 60 per cent complete.

Opponents of the more than $7 billion project say the heavy oil would accelerate climate change and risk spills in sensitive areas where Native Americans harvest wild rice, hunt, fish, gather medicinal plants and claim treaty rights.

Enbridge says the replacement Line 3 will be made of stronger steel and will better protect the environment while restoring its capacity to carry oil and ensure reliable deliveries to U.S. refineries. It underwent a rigorous environmental permitting process. The old line currently runs at about half its capacity because it's increasingly subject to corrosion and cracking.

Activists are vowing to keep up a summer of resistance against the project amid the escalating battle over energy projects and rising awareness that racial minorities suffer disproportionate harm from environmental damage. And they're drawing parallels with the fight over the Dakota Access pipeline, which was the subject of major protests near the Standing Rock Reservation in the Dakotas in 2016 and 2017.

"Minnesota does not need this conflict. Minnesota has already had enough police problems, and we are very upset at the level of private security and police forces that are all over the north right now," Winona LaDuke, executive director of the Indigenous-based environmental group Honor the Earth, told reporters on a conference call Friday. "For a Canadian corporation. So we'll stand our ground ... and more will be coming. Guaranteed."

"If the Biden administration is under any illusions, this is now very much a national fight that people are going to be knowing more and more about," said Bill McKibben, founder of the climate change group 350.org. "People are already flooding in from all parts of the country."

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Biden administration passes up chance to block Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline replacement

Court filing signals president doesn't plan to cancel federal permits for the project

The Associated Press · Posted: Jun 25, 2021 10:12 AM MT | Last Updated: 1 hour ago
 
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In this file photo, Enbridge workers weld pipe just west of Morden, Man. (John Woods/The Canadian Press)

The Biden administration signaled in a court filing this week that it does not plan to cancel federal permits for Enbridge's Line 3 oil pipeline project, despite pleas by Native Americans and environmental groups for the president to intervene.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers used the filing to defend its decision in November to grant Enbridge a water permit for the project, the last major approval the Calgary-based company needed.

 

Wednesday's filing by the Corps and its attorneys at the Department of Justice marks the first time President Joe Biden's administration has taken a public position on Enbridge's plan to replace its aging Line 3, which carries oil from western Canada to Enbridge's terminal in Superior, Wisc., the Star Tribune of Minneapolis reported.

Environmental organizations expressed displeasure Thursday.

"Allowing Line 3 to move forward is, at best, inconsistent with the bold promises on climate and environmental justice President Biden campaigned and was elected on," Michael Brune, executive director of the Sierra Club, said in a statement.

But Enbridge said in a statement that the Corps' filing "is an expected next step in the court appeal process," and that it laid out the federal agency's "very thorough review" of Line 3's federal permits.

Indigenous lawsuit

Two Ojibwe bands and three environmental groups sued the Corps in federal court late last year. They claimed the Corps did not properly evaluate the pipeline's impact on climate change, and that the agency should have conducted its own, full environmental impact study on the pipeline instead of relying on the state's.

Their lawsuit also alleges that the Corps failed to fully consider treaty rights. The pipeline crosses lands where several tribes claim treaty rights to hunt, gather and fish.

The Corps asked for the case to be dismissed, saying the agency met all requirements under federal environmental law. The permit allows Enbridge to drill beneath certain rivers during construction and discharge dredged material.

The Minnesota segment of the pipeline is more than 60-per-cent complete. The Wisconsin and Canadian sections are already carrying oil. Protests along the route in Minnesota have ramped up significantly over the past few weeks.

Since Biden took office in January, opponents of Line 3 have repeatedly called for him to stop the project. The most practical legal way for him to do that would be by revoking Line 3's Army Corps permit, or by ordering that the permit to be redone.

"Today's decision is the Biden administration on autopilot, defending a Trump water permit for a massive tar sands pipeline that is actually indefensible," said Andy Pearson, an organizer with MN350, a climate change group.

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